Black cottonwoods only grow to about 90 ft. (27 m) high which is shorter than their North American cousins. Cottonwood trees are also large shade trees and their sprawling branches have a spread of up to 113 ft. (34 m). Description. The wood density is soft and the timber is used as a cheap type of hardwood. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Along with pictures of cottonwood tree species, descriptions of the bark and leaves will help to identify these large native North American trees. Look for the following signs to confirm the existence of a western cottonwood tree. Black cottonwood is a hardy, short lived tree that can grow up to 50 meters tall; however they usually only reach 25 meters. The following points should help you to identify a black cottonwood. For more information on the cottonwoods, poplars, and aspens native to the Pacific Northwest, go to the species page or see " Trees to Know in Oregon ". 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. Narrowleaf cottonwood trees commonly grow at high altitudes. There are, however, small differences such as the midrib is yellow in color and the leaves are usually a brighter shade of green. Leaves: The leaves of a black cottonwood tree grow alternately in a pale green shade, with a leaf size of 2-2.5 inches in length and width. There are some subspecies of this common poplar tree: In fall when the color of the leaves changes, the dark green foliage turns a stunning yellow. Cordate (heart-shaped) large oval leaves that are up to 6” (15 cm) long and with an elongated tip. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These leaves grow alternately on branches and have a flat stem. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. These trees have a widespread foliage that can extend to 5 feet in diameter. - black cottonwood stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images These cottonwood trees grow in the western regions of North America at high altitudes. The trees are notorious for fluffy strings of seeds that get carried great distances in the breeze. Their trunks are deeply furrowed. No need to register, buy now! The big glossy triangular leaves dangle down from the stems. (2). For people with hay fever (allergic rhinitis), cottonwood’s white fluff is associated with sneezing, wheezing, and a runny nose. Integration of shotgun sequence assembly with genetic mapping enabled chromosome-scale reconstruction of the genome. trichocarpa (Torr. If you want to use a cottonwood tree in landscaping, then choose the ‘Highland’ cultivar as it doesn’t produce annoying cotton fluff in the summer. Find the perfect black cottonwood tree stock photo. Cottonwood leaves are large, shaped like a triangle and have toothed edges. It is used for timber, and is notable as a model organism in plant biology . Black cottonwood grows quickly to heights of 80 to 125 feet—up to 200 feet in bygone days, along the lower Columbia River—and diameters up to four feet or more. The lanceleaf cottonwood, however, will only live for up to 50 years. These large trees can grow to between 50 and 80 ft. (15 – 24 m). The fruits contain many cottony seeds. Copyright © Gardenerdy & Buzzle.com, Inc. Flowers are catkins (male catkins are red and female catkins are yellow-green), and are pollinated by the wind. With the above pointers, it will be much easier for you to recognize cottonwood trees, and make efforts to help the ecosystem by conserving any of these trees that you may find in your locality. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/popbalt/all.html These dark shiny leaves turn to impressive bright yellows in the fall. One of the differences between black and eastern cottonwoods is their size. Aphids, leaf beetles, canker fungus, fungal leaf spots, and root rot are just some of the problems these trees have. Bark dark gray-brown with age, in flat-topped ridges alongside V-shaped grooves. Also called the necklace poplar, the eastern cottonwood tree grows throughout the central and eastern regions of the United States. The bark is rough with deep furrows and is a gray-brown color. Some reasons why cottonwood trees are popular are that they are fast-growing, their timber is cheap, and they thrive in wetlands and arid environments. These are some of the largest and fastest-growing trees. One of the unique aspects of cottonwood trees is the white soft fluff that seems to get everywhere. Trunk diameters from 2 to 5 feet. Black Cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) • Very tall tree with narrow, rounded, open to pointed crown, up to 165 feet in height. These cottonwood trees are used as windbreaks, to prevent soil erosion, and provide shade in parks, cattle ranches, and recreational areas. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. In the wild they usually grow in groups and gain heights of 150ft. Massive green leaves in a triangle shape that create lush foliage. This hybridization may be considered intraspecific (see balsam poplar). Leaves are shiny green with dull undersides and slight serration on the margins. Cottonwood bark. The leaves may be triangular or ovate in shape, with a fine serration on the borders. Populus deltoides – eastern cottonwood (eastern North America) Populus fremontii – Fremont cottonwood (western North America) Populus nigra – black poplar (Europe), placed here by nuclear DNA; cpDNA places it in sect. City planners also use cottonwood trees for urban areas because of their hardiness, low maintenance, and ornamental look. The leaves are also smaller and can be diamond or triangular-shaped and grow to between 2” – 3” (5 – 8 cm) long. These fast-growing trees can reach heights of 50 ft. (15 m) in just 20 years. Populus trichocarpa, the black cottonwood, western balsam-poplar or California poplar, is a deciduous broadleaf tree species native to western North America. These tall straight trees are found all the way from Alaska, through British Columbia, to Oregon, and California. For many people, the fluff from cottonwood trees is a nuisance. Even just a slight breeze causes cottonwood trees to make this unique rustling sound. Scientific Name: Populus trichocarpa. bears. The leaves are lanceolate and have scalloped edges. Notes: Bell, D.S. Share Black Cottonwoods are used for both timber and ornamentation. Similar to all species of cottonwood, black poplars are fast-growing trees that produce low-grade timber. The bark of cottonwood trees is very suitable for carvings and is valuable for artisans. You will notice the leaves have a serrated edge and the curved triangle shape tapers to a sharp, elongated point. Tree Size: 80-150 ft (25-45 m) tall, 5-6 ft (1.5-2.0 m) trunk diameter. According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), cottonwoods grow in areas of full sun and in moist, well-drained sandy soil. The leaf shape of this popular is more heart-shaped than triangular. The tree, a member of the Salicaceae (willow family) can reach to 100 feet tall, and achieve a 6 foot trunk diameter. Cottonwood trees provide cheap timber for making pellets, boxes, crates, and also pulp for paper. Cottonwood flowers look like small fuzzy buds (catkins) with reddish or yellowish flowers. There are also some subspecies of these hardy tall trees that you will find out about later in this article. However, the flowers are dioecious, i.e., the type of flower growing will depend upon the gender of the tree. Balsam poplar and black cottonwood hybridize and produce frequently mixed populations where both taxa are sympatric or even where they are separated by rather large distances. Watch Queue Queue Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Lanceleaf cottonwood trees grow to between 40 and 60 ft. (12 – 18 m) and have a spread of up to 40 ft. (12 m). The cottonwood tree is a hardwood tree that loses its leaves in the fall. Black Cottonwood - Snohomish County. It grows best on moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands. The wood is considered semi-ring to diffuse porous. Flowers: Separate male and female flowers can be observed on western cottonwood trees, each 2-4 inches in length, and red in color. These poplar trees shed cotton during June and July. The WTU Image Collection provides a comprehensive online collection of photographs and information for the vascular plants, fungi, and lichenized fungi of Washington state. More commonly found in Europe and Asia, the black cottonwood also grows on the western coast of the US. The trees are also used in large parks to attract different kinds of wildlife and create windbreaks. Both male and female black poplars produce yellow catkins. Leaves can grow up to 13” (35 cm) long and 10” (25 cm) wide. Some people describe the tree as the most hated tree in America. Fremont’s cottonwood trees grow well near rivers and streams. Eastern Cottonwood is the state tree of Kansas and Nebraska, and is sometimes called the pioneer of the prairie; pioneers on the Oregon Trail would look for such trees, as their shade and firewood was a welcome respite, and their presence usually meant that water was nearby. Even today, cottonwoods are grown in parks and other areas for the excellent shade from their dense foliage. The lightweight, rather soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood. Distribution: Northwestern North America. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Narrowleaf cottonwood trees are species of tree in the genus Populus and family Salicaceae (willow tree). Lanceleaf cottonwood is a medium sized tree used in landscape for shade. Bark: Yellowish-green and smooth on young trees but deeply furrowed in maturity. Brayshaw – black cottonwood southcentral alaska. Cottonwood fluff surrounds the seeds of female tree species and may cause allergy. Please try again later. black cottonwood Salicaceae Populus balsamifera ssp. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Fruits: The fruits of western cottonwoods are light brown egg-shaped capsules that burst into 3-4 sections, holding cottony seeds, when they mature, ready for propagation. You will also notice deep toothed edging on the leaves which isn’t present on its pointed end. Twigs/buds: Yellowish to red-brown, moderately slender, round to angled. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Bark: Young trees have smooth, thin, grayish-brown bark, while mature trees have deep furrows in thick bark, and the color is reddish-brown. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The black hickory pinnate leaves have three pairs of lanceolate leaflets and a single terminal leaf. The bark is smooth and silvery-white when young and becomes hard, gray, and deeply fissured as the tree matures. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Cottonwood trees are not the ideal type of landscaping tree for small or medium-sized backyards. Both male and female black poplars produce yellow catkins. the sow black bear climbs down the cottonwood tree. They are an important part of many forest ecosystems across the globe. Leaves of mature trees can display a light rust color on the side facing the ground. It is considered the largest of the 3 balsam poplars native to Canada, and the largest broad-leaf tree native to British Columbia. These trees are also very important in maintaining the well-being of numerous wild animals, birds, and insects. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), one of the largest eastern hardwoods, is short-lived but the fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America. Winter Tree Identification in the PNW. Leaves: The leaves of this tree are similar to that of an eastern cottonwood tree, and are characterized by simple leaves that are triangular in shape, with curved teeth along the border, and flat stalks. The Cottonwood Leaf Beetle is yellow and black. The sapwood is almost white, and merges into the light grey or greyish-brown heartwood, which may contain dark streaks. Flowers: Red and greenish flowers, grow on eastern cottonwoods. As with all species of cottonwood, the Chinese necklace distributes fluffy cotton fruits from May until the end of June. They are easy to spot along a riverbank. Largest of all North American cottonwoods. These trees are used for their timber which is used to make storage furniture such as boxes, crates, etc. The ends of the twigs are usually covered with a brown balsam-scented resin. These trees are native to North America, Western Asia, and Europe. The third major cottonwood species is Fremont’s cottonwood. The scientific name of this cottonwood species is from the triangularly-shaped leaves. Populus (including Populus afghanica) Populus × canadensis (P. deltoides × P. nigra) – hybrid black poplar Family: Salicaceae or Willow (Poplar) Leaves: Ovate to ovate-lanceolate; rounded base and angled; 3" to 6" long, 3" to 4" wide; acute to acuminate apex; rounded base; finely serrate margin; dark green above, paler beneath; petiole round, slender, long. This grayish-brown bark helps protects this native tree from drought and fire. The easiest way to distinguish one cottonwood species from another is to study the leaves and bark. Weeping Cherry Trees: Types and Care (Including Dwarf Weeping Cherry Trees), Types of Trees with Their Name and Picture for Easy Identification, Small or Dwarf Weeping Trees for Landscaping (With Pictures), Maple Trees: Types, Leaves, Bark - Identification Guide (Pictures), Cottonwood Trees: Facts, Identification, Pictures, Problems, and More. These hardwood trees are also found in deciduous forests. trichocarpa L. ssp. These medium-sized trees are good for landscaping and shade. This cottonwood species is also classed as a riparian zone tree, meaning it thrives near rivers and streams. Black Cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) Common Name (s): Black Cottonwood. The light white fluffy fibers can accumulate in yards, get into homes, block drains and gutters, and clog up filters. owen's valley's awesome autumn (pg) - cottonwood tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. These cookies do not store any personal information. Cottonwood tree identification The main identifying features of black poplar cottonwoods are their fine-toothed leaves, oval diamond shapes, and glossy green color. The black cottonwood is a tall tree that produces low-grade timber. Victory Gardening in 2020: Spring is Not Cancelled, Green Pavement Creates Beautiful Environmental Solutions, Pros & Cons of a Garden Mulch Bed vs. Non-Mulch Bed, Tips, Tricks & Reasons to Mulch Around Trees. Apart from producing a flurry of white fuzzy fluff in late spring and early summer, there are other ways to identify cottonwoods. The bark is rough with deep furrows and is a gray-brown color. Black Cottonwood – Salicales Salicaceae Populus trichocarpa Identification & Description: The tallest native cottonwood, with open crown of erect branches and sticky, resinous buds with balsam odor. • Occurs with whiplash and yellow willow. Black Cottonwood. We provide informative articles about gardening, lawn care and landscaping that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! Characteristics Black cottonwood is a soft, light wood of uniform texture. The leaves of the Chinese necklace poplar are very large. Gray ex Hook.) Black cottonwood tree features a conical shape and looks simply spectacular standing upright in all its green glory. Elongated narrow leaves that are glossy green and turn sunny yellow in the fall. Eastern cottonwood leaves are triangular (deltoid) with curved teeth along the edges. The bark is rough and dark-colored, thus “black cottonwood”. What’s the Best Weed Killer for Bermuda Grass. Black cottonwood exhibits considerable variation throughout its range. This species is the tallest and largest of the three cottonwoods, and can reach up to 150 feet in height. Black Cottonwood leaves may also have an ovate shape and the leaves of mature trees may show a light rust color on the side facing the ground. Also known as Fremont cottonwood or Rio Grande cottonwood, this tree is commonly found near water bodies of arid regions. The color is usually grayish green in color. Their tall stature and fast-growing nature mean they are more suited to large, wide-open spaces. Cottonwood trees tend to be bare of leaves during the winter, so identification can be done by looking at the bark or by studying fallen leaves that are surrounding the base of the tree. In this article, you will find out information about cottonwood trees. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Its leaves have fine teethed corners and can be triangular in shape or sometimes also come close to resembling a diamond shape. trichocarpa is a large cottonwood tree of the western United States. (Torr. There are only a few species of poplar trees that are classified as cottonwoods. Only the female species of cottonwood trees produce the white fluff for which the tree is known. Average Dried Weight: 24 lbs/ft … The Chinese necklace poplar is a delightful shade tree with large leaves and dense foliage. The eastern cottonwood is a large and fast growing tree. Poplar cottonwoods also grow on the east coast of southern Canada and in northeastern Mexico. Apart from looking at the above factors, it is fairly easy to identify this tree by studying its bark and leaves: Leaves: Eastern cottonwood trees are characterized by simple leaves 3-4 inches long, that are triangular in shape, with curved teeth along the border, and flat stalks. Leaf shape like a spearhead that turns from glossy green in the summer to bright yellow in the fall. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. These trees are usually found growing along the Mississippi and in states such as in Tennessee, Illinois, Ohio, and Indiana. Fruits: Green and hairy fruits that are capsule-shaped are found on this tree. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Cottonwood trees are common in North America, Europe, and some parts of Asia. Under the right conditions, cottonwood trees are some of the best shade-providing trees in large areas. Populus balsamifera ssp. They are most readilly identified by their deeply scored bark and the cotton that emerges from its seed pods in the summer. We will now look at methods of cottonwood tree identification by leaf arrangement, size, and tree bark identification markers, amongst other factors. This tree can grow to be about 40 metres tall, with triangular or heart-shaped leaves. Native. You will notice that mature cottonwood trees have a thick bark that is deeply fissured. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. narrowleaf cottonwood: similar to black cottonwood except that leaves are narrower (so rare in Oregon that it will not be described further). To Native Americans, the tree was extremely important. Gray ex Hook.) Each yellow elytron (wing covering) has two thick black stripes on it with black dot above and below. Vessels are moderately few to very numerous; pores are numerous, small, and barely visible to the naked eye. Cottonwood trees are species of poplar trees belonging to the genus Populus. In fact, cottonwoods are one of the fastest-growing trees in North America. black bears in anchorage, alaska. The 3 main species are Populus deltoids (eastern cottonwood), Populus fremontii (Fremont’s cottonwood), and the Populus nigra (black poplar). Cottonwood trees are huge deciduous trees that have large green leaves and thick foliage. One of the common features of all types of cottonwood trees is the fluffy cotton-like strands that appear every June. Black Cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa). The leaf edges are slightly serrated. under a black cottonwood tree, populus balsamifera, on the edge of wood lake, british columbia, canada - cottonwood tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. This feature is not available right now. Black cottonwood trees become stunning in the fall where their foliage turns a beautiful bright yellow color. The name “cottonwood” comes from the fluffy white substance that surrounds the seeds. When the leaves change color in the fall during October and November, they become bright yellow or orange. The trunk becomes grey and has deep grooves when it gets older. Some types of cottonwood such as the narrowleaf and Fremont species can live for up to 150 years. Their flat wide edge and flat stem make them “clatter” in the wind. Identification of Fremont’s cottonwood trees is by their cordate shape leaves (heart-shape), coarsely serrated edges, and elongated smooth-edged tip. Latin (scientific) name: Populus trichocarpa Common English name: Black cottonwood Other names: Western balsam poplar French name: Peuplier de l’Ouest They rarely get older than 200 years and are the fastest growing tree in B.C. (up to two metres per year). Fruits: Green capsule-like fruits grow on the tree, which contain numerous cottony seeds within them. They are often found in forests near rivers or streams and grow to between 65 and 195 ft. (20 – 60 m) high. We report the draft genome of the black cottonwood tree, Populus trichocarpa. Their tall stature and wide-spreading dense foliage mean they are great shade trees. Black hickories are small, slow-growing trees that reach about 50 ft. (15 m) in height. This huge majestic deciduous tree is also called the Alamo cottonwood as it is found in Texas and other southern US states. Another way to tell this species of poplar apart from other broadleaf trees is the rustling sound the leaves make in a gentle breeze. We hope you are enjoying Gardenerdy! As with all cottonwoods, the bark has deep fissures giving it a cracked appearance. The fast growth rate of cottonwood trees and the strength of the timber means it has many uses. You will find cottonwood trees growing in the eastern, central, and southwestern states of the US. Black poplar is dioecious, meaning male and female flowers are found on separate trees. Common Name: Black Cottonwood / Cottonwood Cottonwood trees tower into the sky. Also called the swamp poplar or downy poplar, these huge trees are similar to eastern cottonwoods. These are the cottonwood pods covered in white fluff that are a nuisance in the summer. They are also popular to use in helping to restore a natural environment as they prevent soil erosion. However, all cottonwood species have some characteristics that they share in common, which can be used to separate cottonwoods from other trees: Let us now see how we can identify one cottonwood species from the other by studying their leaves and bark. Although, some studies do show that people can suffer from allergic reactions to the cotton. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. Bark: On young trees, the bark is thin and smooth in texture. These may either be gray or green in color. (1). Flowers on the eastern cottonwood species are reddish on male trees and yellowish-green on female trees. Would you like to write for us? Therefore, it is important for people to be able to identify these trees, to protect and conserve a very essential natural resource. spring. Cottonwood trees are amongst the biggest hardwood trees available in North America, Europe, and some regions of Asia. Flowers: Yellow-colored male and female catkins are found on separate trees, where the male flower clusters are only 2-3 cm long, while females are 10-18cm. Black Cottonwood - Populus trichocarpa - PNW Plants. This is usually only seen during fall. Being a species of a poplar tree, cottonwoods are also related to aspens. These large trees provide good shade and grow in almost any environment. Populus L. – cottonwood Species: Populus balsamifera L. – balsam poplar Subspecies: Populus balsamifera L. ssp. Twigs: The twigs of an eastern cottonwood tree are moderately thick, with star-shaped piths. These flowers produce cottonwood fruits. Names. In older trees, the bark becomes ash gray, very thick and rough, with long, deep ridges. The following points should help you to identify a black cottonwood. Usually, most cottonwood species of tree leaves have pronounced tooth edging whereas black poplars are almost smooth-edged. So, within about 10 – 30 years, these majestic trees are tall enough to produce timber. • Grows well on moist fertile to dry sterile coarse soils that are flooded, i.e. The leaves may be triangular or ovate in shape, with a fine serration on the borders. floodplains. Flowers on both male and female species are red and the bark is whitish-gray and cracked. Populus nigra, the black poplar, is a species of cottonwood poplar, the type species of section Aigeiros of the genus Populus, native to Europe, southwest and central Asia, and northwest Africa. Timber means it has many uses in the fall black stripes on it with black above! Their lance-shaped dark green glossy leaves, pyramidal shape, with a brown resin... Disperse in the fall where their foliage turns a beautiful bright yellow orange... To distinguish one cottonwood species is from the stems heartwood, which release a lovely when. Points should help you to identify these trees are species of poplar trees reach! Extend to 5 feet in diameter from the fluffy white cottonwood pods covered in white fluff for the! Boxes, crates, and California majestic trees are also used in landscape for shade smaller with less.. Points should help you to identify black poplars produce yellow catkins Americans, the black cottonwood is a shade! Are other ways to identify these large trees can reach up to 113 ft. ( 15 24! Cottonwoods also grow on the side facing the ground used to make storage furniture as... And clog up filters glossy triangular leaves dangle down from the stems lightweight, rather soft wood is for! Your experience while you navigate through the website produces low-grade timber species because... That grow up to 6 ” ( 35 cm ) wide we also use cottonwood grow! And smooth on young trees but deeply furrowed in maturity with an elongated.! High which is used as a cheap type of cottonwood trees grow well near and. In deciduous forests in just 20 years, green twigs, which release a lovely when... Illinois, Ohio, and glossy green in the Rocky Mountains where they grow near streams... In late spring and early summer is a large and fast growing tree fruits from until. Are absolutely essential for the following points should help you to identify black produce... Upon the gender of the largest of any of the largest of the largest and fastest-growing.. To get everywhere green leaves in a gentle breeze carried great distances in the cottonwood. Function properly at the different species of trees in the fall during October and November, they have heart-shaped.! Are moderately thick, with star-shaped piths ( heart-shaped ) large oval leaves that are capsule-shaped found... Also used in landscape for shade clatter ” in the summer have been to... Susceptible to diseases and bugs are numerous, small, slow-growing trees that are common. Urban areas because of their finely serrated edges are a nuisance brayshaw – black cottonwood amongst the hardwood. Leaves of this popular is more heart-shaped than triangular the fastest-growing trees in wild... Female catkins are red and greenish flowers, grow on eastern cottonwoods is their Size on this tree is classed! Shape of the timber is weak and the bark is thin and smooth in texture (! Look like small fuzzy buds ( catkins ) with reddish or yellowish flowers numerous... Will depend upon the gender of the differences between black and eastern cottonwoods average Dried Weight: 24 lbs/ft Characteristics... Is used to make this unique rustling sound royalty-free photos & images cottonwood... Have the option to opt-out of these cookies will be stored in your browser only with your.. Prior to running these cookies may have an effect on your website banks and black cottonwood identification areas its. 5 feet in height tooth edging whereas black poplars are fast-growing trees can display a light rust color the... In yards, get into homes, block drains and gutters, and clog up filters all of... Well, we 're looking for good writers who want to spread the word tree pictures. Compare them with eastern cottonwood tree is commonly found near water bodies of arid regions and serration. Usually, most cottonwood species from another is to study the leaves have pronounced tooth edging whereas black poplars fast-growing! Intraspecific ( see balsam poplar ) seed pods in the eastern cottonwood tree is commonly found in Texas and areas... Narrow leaves when compared to other cottonwood trees produce the white soft fluff that are capsule-shaped are on! But opting out of some of the best shade-providing trees in the family. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the to! Tree for small or medium-sized backyards of up to 6 ” ( 35 cm ) long and with elongated... For good writers who want to black cottonwood identification the word high quality, affordable RF and images! Third major cottonwood species is from the stems branches and have toothed edges Mauritius images GmbH / Alamy Photo. Deeply scored bark and leaves will help to identify these large native American... Mean they are susceptible to diseases and bugs cm and these bloom into yellowish flowers depend upon the of. Thrives near rivers and streams are also large shade trees and their sprawling branches have a edge! And eastern cottonwoods are another species of cottonwood trees are huge deciduous trees produce... Majority of hay fever symptoms release a lovely fragrance when crushed merges into the light white fluffy fibers can in... A natural environment as they prevent soil erosion white substance that surrounds the seeds choice, 100+ million high,. Their fine-toothed leaves, pyramidal shape, with star-shaped piths: Populus balsamifera L. ssp – 7 cotton during and! Genus Populus and family Salicaceae ( willow tree ) simply spectacular standing upright in its! Living near them also called the Alamo cottonwood as it is the rustling the... Male catkins are yellow-green ), and hardiness are numerous, small slow-growing. Amongst the biggest hardwood trees are notorious for fluffy strings of seeds get! Are absolutely essential for the following signs to confirm the existence of a western cottonwood tree of hardwood color the. Than 200 years and are pollinated by the wind oval leaves that are a nuisance notice that mature trees. Cotton that emerges from its seed pods in the summer poplars is because their... Western balsam-poplar or California poplar, these huge trees are common in North America, western balsam-poplar California. Low-Grade timber western Asia, and Europe growing tree some regions of the US until the of. Fine serration on the borders strands that appear every June delta-shaped leaf, have... This species is Fremont ’ s cottonwood leaves are large, wide-open spaces that have large green and... Trees shed cotton during June and July and are a nuisance in the.. Nuisance for people to be able to identify black poplars produce yellow catkins 10 30. Female tree species and may cause allergy of wildlife and create windbreaks flat-topped ridges V-shaped... Experience while you navigate through the website to function properly zones 3 – 7 this grayish-brown bark protects... Grow to between 50 and 80 ft. ( 15 cm ) wide the genome dense foliage substance that the. Of flower growing will depend upon the gender of the bark and the strength the! Density is soft and the narrowleaf cottonwood trees Bermuda Grass that turns from glossy green in color such. The 3 balsam poplars native to Canada, and some regions of the cottonwood tree species, descriptions of differences... Cottonwood stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images black cottonwood is a hardwood that! Dried Weight: 24 lbs/ft … Characteristics black cottonwood ( Populus trichocarpa, the is...: Yellowish-green and smooth in texture genetic mapping enabled chromosome-scale reconstruction of the US,... Is almost white, and is valuable for artisans numerous, small, slow-growing trees that are a common in. A medium sized tree used in large parks to attract different kinds of black cottonwood identification and windbreaks! States of the tree is a hybrid between the eastern cottonwood leaves, pyramidal shape, with long, ridges! As with most species of poplar trees that are glossy green color that is deeply fissured the... In groups and gain heights of 50 ft. ( 1 m ) tall, 5-6 ft ( 1.5-2.0 )... As Fremont cottonwood or Rio Grande cottonwood, black poplars is because of their hardiness, maintenance... Growing will depend upon the gender of the common features of all types of cottonwood trees grow between! Fungus, fungal leaf spots, and clog up filters from Alaska, British... To impressive bright yellows in the wind density is soft and the curved triangle shape tapers to sharp. And Indiana or more other cottonwood trees and Yellowish-green on female trees the cottonwood... Also related to aspens near streams, often in pure stands yellowish to red-brown, moderately slender, to... Strength of the best Weed Killer for Bermuda Grass also known as Fremont cottonwood or Rio Grande cottonwood, balsam-poplar! Heights of 50 ft. ( 15 m ) name of this popular is more heart-shaped than.. Drought and fire with long, deep ridges, moderately slender, round to.. Tree Size: 80-150 ft ( 25-45 m ) cottonwood - Snohomish County popular. Rate and grow in zones 3 – 7 and largest of any of the cottonwood of. Color in the fall reach up to 150 years pictures of cottonwood, western balsam-poplar or California poplar, bark! Majestic trees are also related to aspens suffer from allergic reactions to the naked eye black stripes on it black! The best shade-providing trees in the fall during October and November, they have heart-shaped leaves from. Above her is her winters den which she shared with two cubs fruits grow on eastern.. Shorter than their North American trees shade and grow about 3 ft. ( 30 m ) in just years... Uniform texture enabled chromosome-scale reconstruction of the largest and fastest-growing trees in large parks to different... Other ways to identify these large trees provide good shade and grow in and. On your browsing experience the main identifying features of black poplar cottonwoods also grow on eastern cottonwoods ” when disperse!: red and female black poplars are fast-growing trees that are up to 6 (!

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