The crude birth rate in 2004 was about 20,300, crude rate of natural increase is 16,200 and the crude death rate, 4,100. Some of the protected species are the orangutan, green sea turtle, flying lemur, and piping hornbill. [167] However, the urban-rural income gap remained a major problem in Sarawak. He said Sarawak … Pattern and Trends of the Iban, Chinese and Malay Population of Sarawak, 1947-2010 . Among the indigenous peoples of Sarawak, outside influences have led to many changes over time. The 1978 Majlis Islam Bill enabled the setting up of Syariah Courts in Sarawak with jurisdictions over matrimonial, child custody, betrothal, inheritance, and criminal cases in the state. In 2017, population for Sarawak was 2,767.6 thousands. However, with the advent of urban development, many Malays have migrated to seek employment in public and private sectors. 12 per cent of Sarawak is covered with peat swamp forest. [38] Expanding trade led to the formation of the Borneo Company Limited in 1856. Empire of Japan 1942–1945 [112], The numerous tribes who reside in Sarawak's interior such as the Kenyah, Kayan, Lun Bawang, Kelabit, Penan, Bisaya, and Berawan are collectively referred to as Orang Ulu. In 1977, the bureau came under the authority of the federal government language planning and development agency, the Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (DBP), which advocated publication only in Malay ultimately causing the demise of fledgling indigenous literature. There are also a number of remote airstrips serving rural communities in the state. Since they were unfamiliar with local customs, the Brooke government created an advisory Supreme Council, mostly consisting of Malay chiefs, to provide guidance. [226] This abundance of medical services has made Sarawak a medical tourism destination for visitors from neighbouring Brunei and Indonesia. (Source:Yearbook of Statistics,2005 ) It also engaged in guerrilla warfare against the Japanese, in the Malayan Emergency (in West Malaysia) and the Sarawak Communist Insurgency against the communists. [146], The Sarawak state government has enacted several laws to protect its forests and endangered wildlife species. [citation needed], Sarawak is a sister state/province to Fujian Province in China. [329], Autonomous State of Malaysia on the island of Borneo, Ooi, 2013. [112], Sarawak can be divided into two geological zones: the Sunda Shield, which extends southwest from the Batang Lupar River (near Sri Aman) and forms the southern tip of Sarawak, and the geosyncline region, which extends northeast to the Batang Lupar River, forming the central and northern regions of Sarawak. In 1978, the Democratic Action Party (DAP) was the first West Malaysia-based party to open its branches in Sarawak. [210] As of 2014[update], 82% of the rural areas have a fresh water supply. Population increase and ethnic composition. Confirmed and recovered cases, deaths, alternative data on economic activities, customer behavior, supply chains, and more. In Sarawak, Saban people resides in Long Banga, Baram, Long Puak and Long Peluan, where these are their main residence in Sarawak. [183], In 2008, SCORE was established as a framework to develop the energy sector in the state, specifically the Murum, Baram, and Baleh Dams as well as potential coal-based power plants,[184] and 10 high priority industries out to 2030. It was shown in the 1995 statistic that Sabah has 2 million population, the fourth highest populated state in terms of number among the 13 states and territory of federation (source: Dept. Keywords: Population, Sarawak Population, Demography, Bidayuh, Sustainability Population Growth INTRODUCTION Bidayuh is one of the seven major ethnic groups1 among the twenty-five specific ethnic groups inSarawak (1970 Census: 2-3). The Japanese otherwise preserved the Brooke administrative structure and appointed the Japanese to important government positions. [111], There are thirty national parks,[123] among which are Niah with its eponymous caves,[124] the highly developed ecosystem around Lambir Hills,[125] and the World Heritage Site of Gunung Mulu. [283], Sarawak is the only state in Malaysia where Christians outnumber Muslims. [172] However, the export-oriented economy is dominated by liquefied natural gas (LNG), which accounts for more than half of total exports. Humidity is usually high, exceeding 68 per cent, with annual rainfall varying between 330 centimetres (130 in) and 460 centimetres (180 in) for up to 220 days a year. It aims to overcome the low priority and coverage of Peninsular-based media and to solidify the representation of Sarawak, and generally of East Malaysia. [99] In 2014, 58% of the population resided in urban areas with the remainder in rural areas, but over the next 10 years it is predicted that the urban population would rise to 65%. [278][279] In 2015, Chief Minister Adenan Satem reinstated English as an official language. [48] Allied forces later carried out Operation Semut to sabotage Japanese operations in Sarawak. Mount Murud is the highest point in Sarawak. [38] Members of the local community were encouraged by the Brooke regime to focus on particular functions within the territory: the Ibans and other Dayak people were hired as militia while Malays were primarily administrators. In 1939 it stood at just below 500,000 and by 1947 it was only 546,385. Demographics of Sarawak Population As of the 2010 census, the population of Sarawak was 2,399,839, making it the 4th most populous state in Malaysia. The opposition in Sarawak has consistently alleged that the ruling coalition uses various types of vote-buying tactics in order to win elections. [79][note 6][80] Stephen Kalong Ningkan was the first Chief Minister of Sarawak from 1963 to 1966 following his landslide victory in local council elections. [170] From 2006 to 2013, the oil and gas industry accounted for 34.8% of the Sarawak government's revenue. Sarawak (/səˈrɑːwɒk/; Malay: [saˈrawaʔ]) is a state of Malaysia. [32][33], The Brooke family, later called the White Rajahs, set about expanding the territory they had been ceded. Malaysia - Malaysia - People: The people of Malaysia are unevenly distributed between Peninsular and East Malaysia, with the vast majority living in Peninsular Malaysia. However, Sarawak didn't have its own true TV station until 10 October 2020, when it launched TV Sarawak, thus becoming the first region in Malaysia to own its TV station and marking the comeback to the broadcasting world 15 years after. [273] The Kelabit and Lun Bawang people are known for their production of fragrant rice. [195], The Rainforest World Music Festival is the region's primary musical event, attracting more than 20,000 people annually. Female population of Sarawak increased from 1,255 thousands in 2013 to 1,324.3 thousands in 2017 growing at an average annual rate of 1.35%. [65][66] Thousands of Sarawak communist members went into Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo, and underwent training with the Communist Party of Indonesia. However, the coup was unsuccessful and Taib retained his position as chief minister. [38][note 2] He was only allowed to return 17 years later after Sarawak had become part of Malaysia. 916 Malaysia Day Countdown 2016 15 - 16 September 2016. At Sarawak they are the minority, with total population less than 2000. Edit Profile; Receive email updates; Statistics; Login [304] [267], During the Brooke era, Sarawak Malays were predominantly fishermen,[266] leading to their villages being concentrated along river banks. ", "Explanation sought on real status of S'wak's official religion", "Penan slowly abandoning their nomadic way of life", "Interracial marriage blossoms in Malaysia", "Chapter VII – Developing Literacy and Knowledge, Preservation skills among Remote Rural Children", "Tarian Ngajat Identiti Istimewa Masyarakat Iban (Ngajat dances a special identity for the Ibans)", "Renong, An Iban Vocal Repertory (Conference paper)", "The tradition of storytelling in Malaysia", "Preserve traditional culture for prosperity, Iban's urged", "Malaysian Borneo's Muzium Sarawak: A Colonial Legacy in Postcolonial Context", "TYT, CM attend state's 52nd anniversary of independence", "Pomp celebrations for Sarawak Governor's birthday", "CM and wife to have Hari Raya open house at BCCK", "1,000 throng Manyin's Gawai Dayak open house", "KTS holds Chinese New Year Open House in Bintulu", "Public Holiday in Sarawak in conjunctions with the Gawai Dayak Celebration", "Kolo mee, a Sarawak favourite, any time of day", "Singer Deja Moss' real passion is Sarawak layered cakes", "Commonwealth Games Federation – Countries – Sarawak", "CM revs up momentum for 2016 S'wak Sukma", "Sabah, S'wak Sports Ministries to work together to create East Malaysia Sports Commission", "Sarawak hopes to become an eSports hub in the region one day", States and federal territories of Malaysia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sarawak&oldid=991236712, English-speaking countries and territories, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This election marked the beginning of ethnic Melanau domination in Sarawak politics by Abdul Rahman Ya'kub and Abdul Taib Mahmud. [35] The Brooke family generally practised a paternalistic form of government with minimal bureaucracy, but were pressured to establish some form of legal framework. [68][note 3], A number of communist groups existed in Sarawak, the first of which, the Sarawak Overseas Chinese Democratic Youth League, formed in 1951. Sarawak has a population of more than 2.6 million, made up of some 26 different ethnic groups. Live data and insights on Coronavirus outbreak around the world, including detailed statistics for the US, Italy, EU, and China. In 1939 it stood at just below 500,000 and by 1947 it was only 546,385. Traditionally, they are known for their silver and brass crafts, wood carvings, and textiles. 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